Shimla, the capital city of Himachal
Pradesh, lies about 343 km from Delhi at an altitude of 2,213 metres above
sea level. Before the British discovered it in 1819, Shimla was a small
village that was part of the Nepalese kingdom. In 1830, the local Raja was
persuaded to part with the land by the British and the settlement became the
subcontinent's most fashionable summer resort. Shimla was declared the
summer capital of India in 1864. After India's independence, Shimla became
the capital of Punjab till 1966, when it came under Himachal Pradesh.
The summers in Shimla are quit pleasant as the maximum temperature rarely
crosses 25°C. Winters are cold and Shimla experiences quite a heavy
snowfall. If you are among those who want to escape from the scorching heat
of the plains, Shimla would be the ideal getaway. But for those who love
snow, a visit in winters can be an exciting experience.
Tourist Attractions of Shimla
The Mall, which runs along the Ridge, is the main shopping centre of the
Shimla. Filled with shops and restaurants, you will find the Mall always
crowded with tourists. The Gaiety Theatre, which is a reproduction of an old
British theatre, is a centre of cultural activities. The Ridge, an open
space in the heart of the town, presents excellent view of the mountain
ranges. The Mall further joins the Ridge at the 'Scandal Point' where a
statue of the nationalist leader Lala Lajpat Rai has been erected.
About 2.5 km from the city lies the Jahkoo hill at a height of about 2455
metres. The peak, highest in Shimla, offers a panoramic view of the town.
The Jakhoo temple, dedicated to Lord Hanuman, is also located here.
The Glen forests lie at a distance of about 4 km from the Ridge at an
altitude of 1830 metres. An ice-cold stream flows through the forest making
it one of the fascinating picnic spots in the city.
About 7 km from the city, at a height of 1983 metres, is the Summer Hill.
This picturesque spot lies on the Shimla-Kalka railway line and has pleasant
shady walks in quiet surroundings. The place is also associated with Mahatma
Gandhi as he had stayed in the Georgian House of Raj Kumari Amrit Kaur
during his visit to Shimla. The Himachal Pradesh University is situated
here. Chadwick Falls You can reach these 67-metre-high falls from Summer
Hill from where it is about 45 minutes walk. The falls, surrounded by thick
forests, are situated at about 7 km from the city at a height of 1586